Afghanistan Avalanches

A Documentation of the Afghanistan Spatial Data Center

Afghanistan Avalanches

Afghanistan is large and diverse landscape that suffers from a variety of climate based hazards, of which, avalanches have a significant impact on the rural population in 11 out of the 34 provinces. From 2012 to 2016 there were a total of 16,235 people affected by avalanches, and 389 casualties.

Avalanches in Afghanistan are most likely to happen in the winter months (January to March) when there is a large amount of snowfall in the mountainous regions. Avalanches have the potential to destroy communication lines, the electric grid, road networks, homes, and livestock. This results in a negative impact on the local economy.

Afghanistan’s economy is mainly sustained by agricultural and livestock produce, therefore avalanches hinder the economy to a considerable extent (covering arable land, and killing livestock). Even a small avalanche can take away the source of income of an entire village and plunge its livelihood into uncertainty. While avalanches, itself are problematic, climate change has also increased the severity of the avalanches in Afghanistan, which means NGO’s and government need to reassess, and adjust their programs.

While it is not possible to completely avoid avalanches, we can mitigate the impact by implementing climate change adaption concepts into development projects, and by creating awareness through the education and use of information technology tools such as the Afghanistan Spatial Data Center (ASDC).

The Fact

By using the ASDC, NGO’s and various agencies can plan Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) with a better level of information, and accuracy which will result in a more precise and efficient humanitarian footprint.

33.5 M

People in Afghanistan

1 M

People at Avalanche Risk
(3% of Total Population)

124 K

Building at Avalanche Risk

Avalanche Risk

Through ASDC dashboard production, you can obtain information and data regarding to the number of people, buildings and type of land cover at avalanche risk. It is divided in low, moderate, and high risk. The search for information can be filtered for the whole country, at province level, or district level.

Conduct avalanche analysis down to the sub settlement level. Assess risk and potential number of population affected after an avalanche has been reported.

Through ASDC statistics tool, you can find information regarding people, buildings or areas (in km2) at avalanche risk, for the entire Afghanistan or for specific provinces and districts.

Through ASDC statistics tool, you can find information regarding people, buildings or areas (in km2) at avalanche risk, for the entire Afghanistan or for specific provinces and districts.

Avalanche risk table by province/district to assess prioritization

  • Main area of interest. E.g. Afghanistan or a province
  • Subset of an Area of interest: e.g. Province or district
  • Total number of buildings within avalanche risk zones
  • Total number of settlements at risk which have buildup areas within avalanche risk areas
  • Type of land cover affected by avalanche risk
  • Population within avalanche risk area for the land cover types
  • Area at avalanche risk within the land cover area

Avalanche Prediction

Assessing impact on people, buildings or land in Afghanistan that may potentially be affected by snow and avalanches.

Avalanche Prediction is population estimated to be living Avalanche Area for which there is currently snow coverage information available (updated daily).

The avalanche prediction risk is based on solely on: Current Snow Coverage and Depth and the presence of avalanche areas. This is a very rudimentary risk prediction as there are no accurate/sufficient ground observation stations available.

Avalanche Prediction is population estimated to be living Avalanche Area for which there is currently snow coverage information available (updated daily).

The avalanche prediction risk is based on solely on: Current Snow Coverage and Depth and the presence of avalanche areas. This is a very rudimentary risk prediction as there are no accurate/sufficient ground observation stations available.

On the ASDC homepage, take a quick look to the updated information regarding snow cover, as well as avalanche prediction and avalanche prediction.

Snow Cover

Relevant information when planning field operations such as assessment, food distributions, and construction of buildings, schools and infrastructure (Daily Updated).

Static Maps

iMMAP's static maps on snow and avalanches: the ASDC contains more than 22 maps on various aspects of snow cover and avalanche risk. The entire static map catalog includes more than 2500 maps for the humanitarian community in Afghanistan.

Settlement Inspector

For each settlement/village in Afghanistan, you can find data on approximate current snow depth, as well as the average snow cover for every month of the year.

Finder Tool

ASDC's finder tool will help you locate airports, settlements and health facilities for avalanche emergency response, accessibility, and construction purposes.

Training and Certification

Get dedicated training using the ASDC by our local national and international staff.

Our ASDC Professional User Certification can be obtained after completing the training program. Alternatively, it can be taken individually after registering on ASDC.

Go through our online interactive scenario based training and become certified in all aspects of the ASDC

Scenarios

You and your team are planning to build a new school in Arjanga, Jorm District, Badakhshan Province. You know the level of snow cover may affect your operations. What is the likelihood of snow in March in Arjanga?

1

Open your browser and go to asdc.immap.org

2

Under the maps tab, click on Interactive Maps

3

Click on any of the maps displayed. i.e. Avalanche Areas and Risk Exposure

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4

Click on Finder Tool tab on top of the map

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5

From the menu on the right, click on the Settlements box, choose Province and Districts and enter Badakhshan and Jorm, respectively. Then, from the drop down menu, find Arjanga.

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Once you have located Arjangan in the map, use the Settlement Inspector tab, and click on top of the village's name to extract the information regarding that specific settlement.

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Under Settlement Inspector, click on the Snow Cover tab. Then you can see in March, the likelihood of snow in Arjanga is high.

There has been an avalanche in Fayzabad district. ANDMA wants to prepare a plan for deployment in order to assist the affected population. They email you because they want to know how many population live in areas whisch are at avalanche risk in Fayzabad district, Badakhshan province. How would you find that on the ASDC?

1

Open your browser and go to asdc.immap.org

2

Under the maps tab, click on Interactive Maps

3

Click on any of the maps displayed. i.e. Humanitarian Access

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4

Click on Statistics tab on top of the map

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5

From side menu on the right, choose Provinces and Districts and enter Badakhshan and Fayzabad, respectively.

Click Apply button

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6

Under the Avalanche Risk tab, see how many people live at Avalanche Risk

ANDMA is finalizing their contingency plan for assisting people affected by natural disasters, including avalanches. They need to know how many people live in high avalanche risk areas in Badakhshan, in order to preposition stocks. They have asked you to assist them with that information. How would you find that on the ASDC?

1

Open your browser and go to asdc.immap.org

2

Under the maps tab, click on Interactive Maps

3

Click on any of the maps displayed. i.e. Humanitarian Access

scen1
4

Click on Statistics tab on top of the map

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5

From side menu on the right, choose Provinces and Districts and enter Badakhshan.

Click Apply button

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6

Under the Avalanche Risk tab, see how many people are highly exposed to avalanche risk. In this case, 73.300 people.

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